Indonesia was the fourth- largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014. Coffee cultivation in Indonesia began in the late 1600s and early 1700’s, in the early Dutch colonial period, and has played an important part in the growth of the country. Indonesia is geographically and climatologically well- suited for coffee plantations, near the equator and with numerous interior mountainous regions on its main islands, creating well- suited microclimates for the growth and production of coffee.
Indonesia produced an estimated 660,000 metric tons of coffee in 2017. Of this total, it is estimated that 154,800 tons were slated for domestic consumption in the 2013/ 2014 financial year. In general, Indonesia’s arabica coffee varieties have low acidity and strong bodies, which make them ideal for blending with higher- acidity coffees from Central America and East Africa.
Blue Flores Coffee is a rare Arabica specialty coffee produced by smallholding farmers inhibiting fertile volcanic highland area at the heart of the colourful, dry island of Flores.
Formerly Arabica produced by Bhajawa Ethnic was known as Flores Arabica Coffee ‘Dry Processed’ (DP) in the market. The coffee was sold together with Arabica coffee produced by neighbouring Manggarai District. Recently, the Bhajawa and Manggarai peoples have undergonee an initiative to improve their coffee quality by applying full washed processing and delivering it to the market by using a geographic and ethnic name of BLUE FLORES COFFEE. This helps the farmers, as they are supported by the local government as a community collective and also receive help from the Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute (ICCRI) and private sector, PT. Indokom Citra Persada, for marketing.