Colombia Coffee History
The Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta is home to 30,000 indigenous people and due to its varying climate and biodiversity, it was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1979. The area of the Santa Marta Mountains is highly disputed territory. Both leftist and right wing armed groups fight for control. It is an area that has been greatly affected by the narcotics trade and many Kankuamo people have lost their lives in the conflict. Responding to the need to protect their people and their heritage from outsiders, the Kankuamo people joined together to form the Kankuamo Indigenous Organization in 1993.